Water & Sanitation

Since inception PPIAF has supported a number of activities that have helped increase access to water services in rural and peri-urban communities. Experience has shown that insufficient resources, management inefficiencies, and a lack of access to market financing mechanisms act as a severe constraint on the expansion of water supply systems. PPIAF and its Sub-National Technical Assistance (SNTA) program can help reduce these constraints by assisting private operators and public utilities identify the best options for the expansion of water provision in these hard-to-reach areas. PPIAF's Water Toolkit (PDF) facilitates the design of policies to encourage private sector participation in the water sector. PPIAF and SNTA technical assistance also increase the efficiency of existing water systems, by reducing non-revenue water losses.

The SNTA program helps sub-national entities such as water utilities improve their creditworthiness so they can access market-based financing on their own account, without sovereign guarantees.  This combination of PPIAF and SNTA work is uniquely able to provide technical assistance support that will help public water utilities and small-scale private operators expand their water supply systems to rural and peri-urban communities.


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    PPIAF has supported a number of public-private partnership (PPP) activities in the irrigation sector and has built a critical mass of knowledge on ways to effectively involve the private sector in financing and managing such facilities—in particular using new approaches to project development, transaction design, and public-private arrangements. PPIAF has identified farmer consultations as a critical step to structuring sustainable irrigation PPPs. It is also essential to make use of the...

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    Non-revenue Water

    NRW can occur through physical losses from leaking and broken pipes, which are caused by poor operations and maintenance, the lack of active leakage control, and poor quality of underground assets.  NRW can also come from commercial losses caused by the under-registration of customer meters, data handling errors, illegal connections and theft.  Another cause of NRW is unbilled authorized consumption, which includes water used by utilities for operational purposes, water used for...

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    Small-Scale Water & Sanitation

    Access to water supply remains at low levels in rural and peri-urban areas, particularly in Africa, and efforts to increase access to piped water have been slow. Small-scale providers, previously seen as temporary sources of unsafe and expensive water, are now increasingly seen as a practical way of supplying infrastructure services to low-income households and dispersed populations in rural and peri-urban areas.

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