Bus Rapid Transit Systems

PPIAF supports .Bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, which can be the most efficient way of improving public transportation services in urban areas. BRT is a form of Urban transport and refers to a variety of public transportation systems using buses that provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line. Often this is achieved by making improvements to existing infrastructure, vehicles, and scheduling. The goal of these systems is to approach the service quality of rail transit while still enjoying the cost savings and flexibility of bus transit.

BRT systems can have significant impacts in terms of climate change mitigation by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, or responding to the challenges that result from rapid urbanization and decentralization.


Related resources

Impact stories


    • 2007
    • PPIAF

    Toolkit on Market-Based Approaches in Private Sector Provision of Bus Services

    This toolkit is designed to help government officials and policy makers evaluate existing and alternative urban bus systems in developing and transitional countries. It offers practical advice to enact fundamental system reforms.

    • 2010
    • Cledan Mandri-Perrott (with Iain Menzies)
    • PPIAF, World Bank Group (WBG)

    Private Sector Participation in Light Rail/Light Metro Transit Initiatives

    This book addresses the growing worldwide interest in the use of light rail metro transit (LRMT) schemes to provide urban transport solutions and reviews the potential use of public-private partnership (PPP), or private-public participation,...

    • 2010
    • Iain Menzies, Cledan Mandri-Perrott
    • PPIAF

    Private Sector Participation in Urban Rail

    Getting the Structure Right

    In developing urban rail projects, a range of major cities around the world have turned to public-private partnership models, to leverage both public and private resources and expertise. Dissecting the successes and failures of...

    • 2014
    • Mathieu Verougstraete and Isabelle Enders
    • United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

    Traffic Demand Risk

    The case of Bangkok’s Skytrain (BTS)

    This case study examines the issue of traffic demand risk and sheds light on how the problem of inaccurate ridership forecasts can impact a PPP project by using the example of the Bangkok SkyTrain.

    • 2016
    • Rana Amirtahmasebi, Mariana Orloff, Sameh Wahba, Andrew Altman
    • World Bank Group (WBG), PPIAF

    Regenerating Urban Land

    A practitioner's guide to leveraging private investment

    Regenerating Urban Land draws on the experience of eight case studies from around the world. The case studies outline various policy and financial instruments to attract private sector investment in urban regeneration of underutilized and...

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